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Photoshop Lesson 3 - Retouching Photos

In this lesson you will learn the basics of how to retouch and repair photos. People often assume that the pictures they see in magazines are simply the result of a really good photographer. While it is true that a good photographer makes a big difference, it would be silly to assume that this is all that goes into making the photos you see.

In this lesson we will learn how to retouch and repair images. Before we begin, take a moment to get yourself organized. Go to your documents folder and choose your Photoshop Folder. Inside of that folder create a subfolder called firstnamelastname-psassign3.

You will save everything from lesson and assignment 3 to this folder.

 

Get The Files You Need

1. Launch Photoshop from your applications folder

2. Right-Click and Save the 5 photos below to your psassign3 folder

pslesson3sample1.jpg

pslesson3sample2.jpg

pslesson3sample3.jpg

pslesson3sample4.jpg

3. Open pslesson3sample1.jpg in Photoshop

 

Making Layer Copies

The first thing we are going to do is to make a layer copy so that if we make a mistake that can not be undone, we can simply start again with the original image.

4. Make sure the Layers panel is visible. If it is not, you can choose Window > Layers

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5. Right-Click on the Background Layer and choose Duplicate Layer...

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6. Rename the layer as seen below and choose ok.

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You should now have a new layer in your layers panel that is an exact duplicate of the background. This is where we will do our work.

7. Make sure that Layer1 is selected before you move on.

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Removing and Repairing - The Clone Stamp

The Clone Stamp tool uses pixels from one area of an image to replace the pixels in another part of the image. This tool allows you to remove unwanted objects while filling in the missing areas that you would see by removing them.

8. Use the Zoom Tool to enlarge the sailboat area in the photo

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9. Select the Clone Stamp Tool hj from the toolbox

10. In the options bar above, choose a preset brush with a soft edge (75) then make sure the Aligned box is checked.

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11. Move the Clone Stamp Tool to the left of the sailboat.

12. Hold Down the Alt (Option) Key so that the pointer becomes a target cross hair as seen below.

13. With the Alt (Option) Key held down, click and release your mouse button.

You have now set the sample point for where the replacement pixels will come from when replacing the sailboat.

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14. Click and Drag from left to right across the sailboat.

You will notice that whatever you brush with the circle gets replaced with the pixels that are under the sample point. That is why they move together.

 

15. Repeat this until the sailboat has vanished.

Note - Sometimes you will have to reset the sample point as you brush (Alt + Click). Because you are only replacing pixels with existing ones from another place in the picture, you have to be careful of where your sample point is while you are brushing over the sailboat.

In the example below, I did not reset my sample point half-way through brushing and I ended up brushing some of the water into where the sailboat used to be.

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If you reset your sample point frequently between brushing, you should end up with a result as seen below:

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**** Important ****

ryNow is a good time to mention that because you are applying many brush strokes to make this happen, the history panel is a great way to go back one step at a time. Simply choose Window > History.



16. Go to the Layers Panel and click on the Visibility Symbol sf in Layer1

You can click this button on/off to hide/show the modified layer so that you can quickly and easily see the changes you made.

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17. When you are satisfied with your final product save and close.

Note: Because you now have more than one layer, it will require you to save this document as a photoshop document. This means that this file will be saved as pslesson3sample1.psd

 

Practice Assignment

18. Open pslesson3sample2.jpg in Photoshop

19. Make a Duplicate Layer (You should always do this before modifying a photo!)

20. Use the Clone Stamp Tool to remove the students from the photo as seen below:

 

Before

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After

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21. When finished save the document as pslesson3sample2.psd and close it.

 

Using the Healing Brush to Remove Flaws

The Healing Brush works in much the same way as the Clone Stamp tool, only instead of directly copying the exact same pixels from the sample point, it will copy them and blend them with the surrounding pixles wherever your brush is. This can give you a more natural looking touch up.

21. Open pslesson3sample3.jpg in Photoshop

22. Make a Duplicate Layer (You should always do this before modifying a photo!)

23. Use the Zoom Tool to enlarge the right side of the woman's face.

We are going to remove the wrinkles under her eye.

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24. Select the Healing Brush et Tool

Remember to click and hold on a button to reveal more options.

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25. Set the options panel settings as seen below:

 

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Note: A soft edge brush will work best here because it will help in the blending process.

26. Hold the Alt (Option) Key and click to set the sample point

This is exactly the same process as we followed with the Clone Stamp tool

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27. Brush across the wrinkles and release. Repeat this process until there are no more wrinkles.

Note - You should reset the sample point as you brush (Alt + Click). Because you are blending pixels with existing ones from another place in the picture, you have to be careful of where your sample point is while you are brushing over the wrinkles.

Don't forget to use the visibilty icon in the layer to check your progress as you work.

 

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28. Repeat this process for to remove the wrinkles under her other eye, her forehead, her mole and the light glare on her chin and nose.

Note: Remember, the secret to getting an even result is to reset your sample point often and choose different parts of her face to sample from.

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Before
After

 

29. When you are satisfied with your final product save and close.

Note: Because you now have more than one layer, it will require you to save this document as a photoshop document. This means that this file will be saved as pslesson3sample3.psd

 

Practice Assignment

30. Open pslesson3sample4.jpg in Photoshop

31. Make a Duplicate Layer (You should always do this before modifying a photo!)

32. Use the Healing Brush Tool to remove wrinkles from the photo as seen below:

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21. When finished save the document as pslesson3sample4.psd and close it.

By the end of this lesson you should have the 4 original jpg files and 4 .psd files in your folder with the changes we made along the way saved to each one. When finished, go to Photoshop Assignment 3.